Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2021-49
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2021-49

  03 Aug 2021

03 Aug 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal WCD.

Can the assimilation of water isotopologue observation improve the quality of tropical diabatic heating and precipitation?

Farahnaz Khosrawi1, Kinya Toride2, Kei Yoshimura2, Christopher J. Diekmann1, Benjamin Ertl1,3, Frank Hase1, and Matthias Schneider1 Farahnaz Khosrawi et al.
  • 1Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research (IMK), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • 2Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo, Chiba, Japan
  • 3Steinbuch Centre for Computing (SCC), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

Abstract. The strong coupling between atmospheric circulation, moisture pathways and atmospheric diabatic heating is responsible for most climate feedback mechanisms and controls the evolution of severe weather events. However, diabatic heating rates obtained from current meteorological reanalysis show significant inconsistencies. Here, we theoretically assess with an Observation System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) the potential of the MUlti-platform remote Sensing of Isotopologues for investigating the Cycle of Atmospheric water (MUSICA) Infrared Atmospheric Sounding interferometer (IASI) mid-tropospheric water isotopologue data for constraining uncertainties in meteorological analysis fields. For this purpose, we use the Isotope-incorporated General Spectral Model (IsoGSM) together with a Local Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter (LETKF) and assimilate synthetic MUSICA IASI isotopologue observations. We perform two experiments consisting each of two ensemble simulation runs, one ensemble simulation where we assimilate conventional observations (temperature, humidity and wind profiles obtained from radiosonde and satellite data) and a second one where we assimilate additionally to the conventional observations the synthetic IASI isotopologue data. In the second experiment, we perform one ensemble simulation where only synthetic IASI isotopologue data are assimilated and another one where no observational data at all are assimilated. The first experiment serves to assess the impact of the IASI isotopologue data additional to the conventional observations and the second one to assess the direct impact of the IASI isotopologue data on the meteorological variables, especially on the heating rates and vertical velocity. The assessment is performed for the tropics in the latitude range from 10° S to 10° N. When the synthetic isotopologue data are additionally assimilated, we derive in both experiments lower Root-Mean Square Deviations (RMSDs) and improved skills with respect to meteorological variables (improvement by about 8–13 %). However, heating rates and vertical motion can only be improved throughout the troposphere when additionally to IASI δD conventional observations are assimilated. When only IASI δD is assimilated the improvement in vertical velocity and heating rate is minor (up to a few percent) and restricted to the mid-troposphere. Nevertheless, these assimilation experiments indicate that IASI isotopologue observations have the potential to reduce the uncertainties of diabatic heating rates and meteorological variables in the tropics and in consequence offer potential for improving meteorological analysis, weather forecasts and climatepredictions in the tropical regions.

Farahnaz Khosrawi et al.

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Farahnaz Khosrawi et al.

Farahnaz Khosrawi et al.

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Short summary
We assess with an Observation System Simulation Experiment the potential of mid-tropospheric water isotopologue data for constraining uncertainties in meteorological analysis fields in the tropics. Our assimilation experiments indicate that isotopologue observations have the potential to reduce the uncertainties of diabatic heating rates and meteorological variables in the tropics and in consequence offer potential for improving meteorological analysis in the tropical regions.