10 Mar 2022
10 Mar 2022
Status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal WCD.

Stochastically perturbed physics-tendencies based ensemble mean approach in the WRF model: a study for the North Indian Ocean tropical cyclones

Gaurav Tiwari, Vishal Bobde, Pankaj Kumar, and Alok Kumar Mishra Gaurav Tiwari et al.
  • Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal, Bhauri-462066, India

Abstract. Tropical cyclones (TCs) are among the catastrophic natural hazards over the North Indian Ocean (NIO), and they are expected to become more frequent in the upcoming years. TCs occur primarily in the pre-monsoon (April–June) and post-monsoon (October–December) seasons, wreaking havoc on South Asian regions. For reliable alerts and disaster warnings ahead of time, better forecasting of TC features such as track, landfall, intensity, rainfall, and so on is crucial. The present study uses the stochastically perturbed physics-tendencies (SPPT) ensemble-mean approach along with digital filter initialization (DFI) to the initial and boundary conditions for the high-resolution Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. The model’s sensitivity has been investigated for the two NIO TCs, Tauktae (in May 2021) and Nivar (in November 2020), by performing a large number of experiments. Compared with control runs, the track simulations in terms of the reduction in along-track (cross-track) errors for Tauktae and Nivar were improved by 68.8 % (23.4 %) and 28.2 % (40.7 %), respectively, in the DFI experiment. Further improvements were found in the SPPT-based ensemble mean experiments (DFI+SPPT) as the along-track (cross-track) errors, compared to control simulations, were reduced by 65.3 % (27.7 %) and 37 % (54.1 %), for Tauktae and Nivar, respectively. However, the DFI simulations showed a potential to improve the TCs’ track simulation but failed to reduce the error in intensity simulation. On the other hand, DFI+SPPT experiments improved the model's reliability in simulating TCs’ intensity (maximum sustained wind speed and minimum sea-level pressure) considerably. Thus, the DFI+SPPT experiments showed higher skills in simulating the TCs’ characteristics.

Gaurav Tiwari et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on wcd-2022-10', Anonymous Referee #1, 11 Jul 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Pankaj Kumar, 15 Aug 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on wcd-2022-10', Anonymous Referee #2, 19 Jul 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Pankaj Kumar, 15 Aug 2022

Gaurav Tiwari et al.

Gaurav Tiwari et al.


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Short summary
Our modeling approach has improved significantly (~30 % to 60 %) the simulation of North Indian Ocean tropical cyclones’ track and intensity. The results are promising. This technique can be used for real-time cyclone predictions over the study region to provide more accurate cyclone related warnings and alerts for better planning and preparedness.