Articles | Volume 2, issue 2
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2-359-2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2-359-2021
Research article
 | 
16 Apr 2021
Research article |  | 16 Apr 2021

The signature of the tropospheric gravity wave background in observed mesoscale motion

Claudia Christine Stephan and Alexis Mariaccia

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Latest update: 22 Jul 2024
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Short summary
Vertical motion on horizontal scales of a few hundred kilometers can influence cloud properties. This motion is difficult to measure directly but can be inferred from the area-averaged mass divergence. The latter can be derived from horizontal wind measurements at the area’s perimeter. This study derives vertical properties of area-averaged divergence from an extensive network of atmospheric soundings and proposes an explanation for the variation of divergence magnitudes with area size.