Articles | Volume 4, issue 2
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-4-489-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-4-489-2023
Research article
 | 
25 May 2023
Research article |  | 25 May 2023

Thunderstorm environments in Europe

Deborah Morgenstern, Isabell Stucke, Georg J. Mayr, Achim Zeileis, and Thorsten Simon

Viewed

Total article views: 1,608 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
1,189 382 37 1,608 28 19
  • HTML: 1,189
  • PDF: 382
  • XML: 37
  • Total: 1,608
  • BibTeX: 28
  • EndNote: 19
Views and downloads (calculated since 02 Jan 2023)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 02 Jan 2023)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 1,608 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 1,582 with geography defined and 26 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 

Cited

Latest update: 20 Jun 2024
Download
Short summary
Two thunderstorm environments are described for Europe: mass-field thunderstorms, which occur mostly in summer, over land, and under similar meteorological conditions, and wind-field thunderstorms, which occur mostly in winter, over the sea, and under more diverse meteorological conditions. Our descriptions are independent of static thresholds and help to understand why thunderstorms in unfavorable seasons for lightning pose a particular risk to tall infrastructure such as wind turbines.