Articles | Volume 3, issue 4
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1439-2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1439-2022
Research article
 | 
22 Dec 2022
Research article |  | 22 Dec 2022

European heatwaves in present and future climate simulations: a Lagrangian analysis

Lisa Schielicke and Stephan Pfahl

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Latest update: 25 Feb 2024
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Short summary
Projected future heatwaves in many European regions will be even warmer than the mean increase in summer temperature suggests. To identify the underlying thermodynamic and dynamic processes, we compare Lagrangian backward trajectories of airstreams associated with heatwaves in two time slices (1991–2000 and 2091–2100) in a large single-model ensemble (CEMS-LE). We find stronger future descent associated with adiabatic warming in some regions and increased future diabatic heating in most regions.