Articles | Volume 5, issue 2
Research article
13 May 2024
Research article |  | 13 May 2024

Changes in the North Atlantic Oscillation over the 20th century

Stephen Outten and Richard Davy


Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2832', Anonymous Referee #1, 15 Dec 2023
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Stephen Outten, 20 Dec 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2832', Anonymous Referee #2, 29 Jan 2024
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Stephen Outten, 19 Feb 2024

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision | EF: Editorial file upload
AR by Stephen Outten on behalf of the Authors (19 Feb 2024)  Author's response   Author's tracked changes   Manuscript 
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (28 Feb 2024) by Gwendal Rivière
RR by Anonymous Referee #2 (28 Feb 2024)
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (16 Mar 2024)
ED: Publish as is (25 Mar 2024) by Gwendal Rivière
AR by Stephen Outten on behalf of the Authors (02 Apr 2024)
Short summary
The North Atlantic Oscillation is linked to wintertime weather events over Europe. One feature often overlooked is how much the climate variability explained by the NAO has changed over time. We show that there has been a considerable increase in the percentage variance explained by the NAO over the 20th century and that this is not reproduced by 50 CMIP6 climate models, which are generally biased too high. This has implications for projections and prediction of weather events in the region.