Articles | Volume 5, issue 2
Research article
19 Apr 2024
Research article |  | 19 Apr 2024

Warm conveyor belt characteristics and impacts along the life cycle of extratropical cyclones: case studies and climatological analysis based on ERA5

Katharina Heitmann, Michael Sprenger, Hanin Binder, Heini Wernli, and Hanna Joos


Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-1092', Anonymous Referee #1, 01 Aug 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-1092', Jeffrey Chagnon, 14 Aug 2023
  • AC1: 'Final response', Katharina Heitmann, 29 Sep 2023

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision | EF: Editorial file upload
AR by Katharina Heitmann on behalf of the Authors (31 Jan 2024)  Author's response   Author's tracked changes   Manuscript 
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (02 Feb 2024) by Helen Dacre
RR by Jeffrey Chagnon (21 Feb 2024)
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (23 Feb 2024)
ED: Publish as is (04 Mar 2024) by Helen Dacre
AR by Katharina Heitmann on behalf of the Authors (07 Mar 2024)  Author's response   Manuscript 
Short summary
Warm conveyor belts (WCBs) are coherently ascending air streams that occur in extratropical cyclones where they form precipitation and often affect the large-scale flow. We quantified the key characteristics and impacts of WCBs and linked them to different phases in the cyclone life cycle and to different WCB branches. A climatology of these metrics revealed that WCBs are most intense during cyclone intensification and that the cyclonic and anticyclonic WCB branches show distinct differences.