Articles | Volume 2, issue 4
Research article
23 Nov 2021
Research article |  | 23 Nov 2021

Characteristics of extratropical cyclones and precursors to windstorms in northern Europe

Terhi K. Laurila, Hilppa Gregow, Joona Cornér, and Victoria A. Sinclair


Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on wcd-2021-44', Anonymous Referee #1, 24 Aug 2021
    • AC1: 'Response to Reviewer 1', Terhi Laurila, 28 Sep 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on wcd-2021-44', Anonymous Referee #2, 06 Sep 2021
    • AC2: 'Rseponse to Reviewer 2', Terhi Laurila, 28 Sep 2021

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Terhi Laurila on behalf of the Authors (28 Sep 2021)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (28 Sep 2021) by Silvio Davolio
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (29 Sep 2021)
ED: Publish subject to technical corrections (25 Oct 2021) by Silvio Davolio
AR by Terhi Laurila on behalf of the Authors (25 Oct 2021)  Author's response    Manuscript
Short summary
We create a climatology of mid-latitude cyclones and windstorms in northern Europe and investigate how sensitive the minimum pressure and maximum gust of windstorms are to four precursors. Windstorms are more common in the cold season than the warm season, whereas the number of mid-latitude cyclones has no annual cycle. The low-level temperature gradient has the strongest impact of all considered precursors on the intensity of windstorms in terms of both the minimum pressure and maximum gust.