Articles | Volume 2, issue 4
Research article
23 Nov 2021
Research article |  | 23 Nov 2021

Characteristics of extratropical cyclones and precursors to windstorms in northern Europe

Terhi K. Laurila, Hilppa Gregow, Joona Cornér, and Victoria A. Sinclair

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Cited articles

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Short summary
We create a climatology of mid-latitude cyclones and windstorms in northern Europe and investigate how sensitive the minimum pressure and maximum gust of windstorms are to four precursors. Windstorms are more common in the cold season than the warm season, whereas the number of mid-latitude cyclones has no annual cycle. The low-level temperature gradient has the strongest impact of all considered precursors on the intensity of windstorms in terms of both the minimum pressure and maximum gust.