Articles | Volume 3, issue 1
Research article
31 Mar 2022
Research article |  | 31 Mar 2022

Differentiating lightning in winter and summer with characteristics of the wind field and mass field

Deborah Morgenstern, Isabell Stucke, Thorsten Simon, Georg J. Mayr, and Achim Zeileis


Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CC1: 'Comment on wcd-2021-68', Milind Sharma, 25 Oct 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on CC1', Deborah Morgenstern, 29 Oct 2021
  • RC1: 'Comment on wcd-2021-68', Anonymous Referee #1, 24 Nov 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on wcd-2021-68', Anonymous Referee #2, 20 Dec 2021

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Deborah Morgenstern on behalf of the Authors (14 Jan 2022)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (19 Jan 2022) by Johannes Dahl
RR by Anonymous Referee #2 (14 Feb 2022)
ED: Publish as is (14 Feb 2022) by Johannes Dahl
AR by Deborah Morgenstern on behalf of the Authors (20 Feb 2022)  Author's response    Manuscript
Short summary
Wintertime lightning in central Europe is rare but has a large damage potential for tall structures such as wind turbines. We use a data-driven approach to explain why it even occurs when the meteorological processes causing thunderstorms in summer are absent. In summer, with strong solar input, thunderclouds have a large vertical extent, whereas in winter, thunderclouds are shallower in the vertical but tilted and elongated in the horizontal by strong winds that increase with altitude.