Articles | Volume 3, issue 1
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-361-2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-361-2022
Research article
 | 
31 Mar 2022
Research article |  | 31 Mar 2022

Differentiating lightning in winter and summer with characteristics of the wind field and mass field

Deborah Morgenstern, Isabell Stucke, Thorsten Simon, Georg J. Mayr, and Achim Zeileis

Viewed

Total article views: 2,110 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
1,509 551 50 2,110 44 37
  • HTML: 1,509
  • PDF: 551
  • XML: 50
  • Total: 2,110
  • BibTeX: 44
  • EndNote: 37
Views and downloads (calculated since 15 Oct 2021)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 15 Oct 2021)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 2,110 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 2,059 with geography defined and 51 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 

Cited

Latest update: 03 Mar 2024
Download
Short summary
Wintertime lightning in central Europe is rare but has a large damage potential for tall structures such as wind turbines. We use a data-driven approach to explain why it even occurs when the meteorological processes causing thunderstorms in summer are absent. In summer, with strong solar input, thunderclouds have a large vertical extent, whereas in winter, thunderclouds are shallower in the vertical but tilted and elongated in the horizontal by strong winds that increase with altitude.