Articles | Volume 3, issue 1
Research article
31 Mar 2022
Research article |  | 31 Mar 2022

Differentiating lightning in winter and summer with characteristics of the wind field and mass field

Deborah Morgenstern, Isabell Stucke, Thorsten Simon, Georg J. Mayr, and Achim Zeileis


Total article views: 2,377 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
1,703 610 64 2,377 54 47
  • HTML: 1,703
  • PDF: 610
  • XML: 64
  • Total: 2,377
  • BibTeX: 54
  • EndNote: 47
Views and downloads (calculated since 15 Oct 2021)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 15 Oct 2021)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 2,377 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 2,317 with geography defined and 60 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1


Latest update: 20 Jun 2024
Short summary
Wintertime lightning in central Europe is rare but has a large damage potential for tall structures such as wind turbines. We use a data-driven approach to explain why it even occurs when the meteorological processes causing thunderstorms in summer are absent. In summer, with strong solar input, thunderclouds have a large vertical extent, whereas in winter, thunderclouds are shallower in the vertical but tilted and elongated in the horizontal by strong winds that increase with altitude.