Articles | Volume 3, issue 1
Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 361–375, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-361-2022
Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 361–375, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-361-2022
Research article
31 Mar 2022
Research article | 31 Mar 2022

Differentiating lightning in winter and summer with characteristics of the wind field and mass field

Deborah Morgenstern et al.

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Short summary
Wintertime lightning in central Europe is rare but has a large damage potential for tall structures such as wind turbines. We use a data-driven approach to explain why it even occurs when the meteorological processes causing thunderstorms in summer are absent. In summer, with strong solar input, thunderclouds have a large vertical extent, whereas in winter, thunderclouds are shallower in the vertical but tilted and elongated in the horizontal by strong winds that increase with altitude.