Articles | Volume 3, issue 2
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-693-2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-693-2022
Research article
 | 
01 Jul 2022
Research article |  | 01 Jul 2022

The response of tropical cyclone intensity to changes in environmental temperature

James M. Done, Gary M. Lackmann, and Andreas F. Prein

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Latest update: 22 Jul 2024
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Short summary
We know that warm oceans generally favour tropical cyclones (TCs). Less is known about the role of air temperature above the oceans extending into the lower stratosphere. Our global analysis of historical records and computer simulations suggests that TCs strengthen in response to historical temperature change while also being influenced by other environmental factors. Ocean warming drives much of the strengthening, with relatively small contributions from temperature changes aloft.