Articles | Volume 2, issue 4
Weather Clim. Dynam., 2, 1093–1110, 2021
Weather Clim. Dynam., 2, 1093–1110, 2021
Research article
 | Highlight paper
23 Nov 2021
Research article  | Highlight paper | 23 Nov 2021

Future summer warming pattern under climate change is affected by lapse-rate changes

Roman Brogli et al.

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Cited articles

Baldauf, M., Seifert, A., Förstner, J., Majewski, D., Raschendorfer, M., and Reinhardt, T.: Operational Convective-Scale Numerical Weather Prediction with the COSMO Model: Description and Sensitivities, Mon. Weather Rev., 139, 3887–3905,, 2011. a
Barcikowska, M. J., Kapnick, S. B., Krishnamurty, L., Russo, S., Cherchi, A., and Folland, C. K.: Changes in the future summer Mediterranean climate: contribution of teleconnections and local factors, Earth Syst. Dynam., 11, 161–181,, 2020. a
Berg, A., Findell, K., Lintner, B., Giannini, A., Seneviratne, S. I., Van Den Hurk, B., Lorenz, R., Pitman, A., Hagemann, S., Meier, A., Cheruy, F., Ducharne, A., Malyshev, S., and Milly, P. C.: Land-atmosphere feedbacks amplify aridity increase over land under global warming, Nat. Clim. Change, 6, 869–874,, 2016. a, b
Bosshard, T., Kotlarski, S., Ewen, T., and Schär, C.: Spectral representation of the annual cycle in the climate change signal, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 2777–2788,, 2011. a
Brogli, R. and Vergara-Temprado, J.: broglir/pgw-python: First release (v1.0), Zenodo [code],, 2021. a
Short summary
In a warmer future climate, climate simulations predict that some land areas will experience excessive warming during summer. We show that the excessive summer warming is related to the vertical distribution of warming within the atmosphere. In regions characterized by excessive warming, much of the warming occurs close to the surface. In other regions, most of the warming is redistributed to higher levels in the atmosphere, which weakens the surface warming.