Articles | Volume 2, issue 3
Weather Clim. Dynam., 2, 675–694, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2-675-2021
Weather Clim. Dynam., 2, 675–694, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2-675-2021
Research article
03 Aug 2021
Research article | 03 Aug 2021

Linking air stagnation in Europe with the synoptic- to large-scale atmospheric circulation

Jacob W. Maddison et al.

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Asiri, M. A., Almazroui, M., and Awad, A. M.: Synoptic features associated with the winter variability of the subtropical jet stream over Africa and the Middle East, Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 132, 819–831, 2020. a
Barmpadimos, I., Hueglin, C., Keller, J., Henne, S., and Prévôt, A. S. H.: Influence of meteorology on PM10 trends and variability in Switzerland from 1991 to 2008, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1813–1835, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-11-1813-2011, 2011. a, b
Barmpadimos, I., Keller, J., Oderbolz, D., Hueglin, C., and Prévôt, A. S. H.: One decade of parallel fine (PM2.5) and coarse (PM10PM2.5) particulate matter measurements in Europe: trends and variability, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3189–3203, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-3189-2012, 2012. a
Barnes, E. A. and Fiore, A. M.: Surface ozone variability and the jet position: Implications for projecting future air quality, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 2839–2844, 2013. a
Barriopedro, D., García-Herrera, R., and Trigo, R. M.: Application of blocking diagnosis methods to general circulation models. Part I: a novel detection scheme, Clim. Dynam., 35, 1373–1391, 2010. a
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Short summary
Air stagnation occurs when an air mass becomes settled over a region and precipitation is suppressed. Pollutant levels can rise during stagnation. The synoptic- to large-scale influence on European air stagnation and pollution is explored here. We show that around 60 % of the monthly variability in air stagnation and pollutants can be explained by dynamical indices describing the atmospheric circulation. The weather systems most related to stagnation are different for regions across Europe.