Articles | Volume 2, issue 1
Weather Clim. Dynam., 2, 255–279, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2-255-2021
Weather Clim. Dynam., 2, 255–279, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2-255-2021
Research article
29 Mar 2021
Research article | 29 Mar 2021

A process-based anatomy of Mediterranean cyclones: from baroclinic lows to tropical-like systems

Emmanouil Flaounas et al.

Related authors

Origin of low-tropospheric potential vorticity in Mediterranean cyclones
Alexander Scherrmann, Heini Wernli, and Emmanouil Flaounas
Weather Clim. Dynam. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2022-40,https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2022-40, 2022
Revised manuscript under review for WCD
Short summary
Mediterranean cyclones: current knowledge and open questions on dynamics, prediction, climatology and impacts
Emmanouil Flaounas, Silvio Davolio, Shira Raveh-Rubin, Florian Pantillon, Mario Marcello Miglietta, Miguel Angel Gaertner, Maria Hatzaki, Victor Homar, Samira Khodayar, Gerasimos Korres, Vassiliki Kotroni, Jonilda Kushta, Marco Reale, and Didier Ricard
Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 173–208, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-173-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-173-2022, 2022
Short summary
Overview towards improved understanding of the mechanisms leading to heavy precipitation in the western Mediterranean: lessons learned from HyMeX
Samira Khodayar, Silvio Davolio, Paolo Di Girolamo, Cindy Lebeaupin Brossier, Emmanouil Flaounas, Nadia Fourrie, Keun-Ok Lee, Didier Ricard, Benoit Vie, Francois Bouttier, Alberto Caldas-Alvarez, and Veronique Ducrocq
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 17051–17078, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-17051-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-17051-2021, 2021
Short summary
Extreme wet seasons – their definition and relationship with synoptic-scale weather systems
Emmanouil Flaounas, Matthias Röthlisberger, Maxi Boettcher, Michael Sprenger, and Heini Wernli
Weather Clim. Dynam., 2, 71–88, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2-71-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2-71-2021, 2021
Short summary
Sensitivity of the WRF-Chem (V3.6.1) model to different dust emission parametrisation: assessment in the broader Mediterranean region
Emmanouil Flaounas, Vassiliki Kotroni, Konstantinos Lagouvardos, Martina Klose, Cyrille Flamant, and Theodore M. Giannaros
Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 2925–2945, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-2925-2017,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-2925-2017, 2017

Related subject area

Dynamical processes in midlatitudes
Impact of grid spacing, convective parameterization and cloud microphysics in ICON simulations of a warm conveyor belt
Anubhav Choudhary and Aiko Voigt
Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1199–1214, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1199-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1199-2022, 2022
Short summary
Recurrent Rossby waves and south-eastern Australian heatwaves
S. Mubashshir Ali, Matthias Röthlisberger, Tess Parker, Kai Kornhuber, and Olivia Martius
Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1139–1156, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1139-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1139-2022, 2022
Short summary
Identification of high-wind features within extratropical cyclones using a probabilistic random forest – Part 1: Method and case studies
Lea Eisenstein, Benedikt Schulz, Ghulam A. Qadir, Joaquim G. Pinto, and Peter Knippertz
Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1157–1182, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1157-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1157-2022, 2022
Short summary
Classification of Alpine south foehn based on 5 years of kilometre-scale analysis data
Lukas Jansing, Lukas Papritz, Bruno Dürr, Daniel Gerstgrasser, and Michael Sprenger
Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1113–1138, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1113-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1113-2022, 2022
Short summary
Meridional-energy-transport extremes and the general circulation of Northern Hemisphere mid-latitudes: dominant weather regimes and preferred zonal wavenumbers
Valerio Lembo, Federico Fabiano, Vera Melinda Galfi, Rune Grand Graversen, Valerio Lucarini​​​​​​​, and Gabriele Messori
Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1037–1062, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1037-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1037-2022, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Adamson, D. S., Belcher, S. E., Hoskins, B. J., and Plant, R. S.: Boundary-layer friction in midlatitude cyclones, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 132, 101–124, https://doi.org/10.1256/qj.04.145, 2006. 
Aebischer, U. and Schär, C.: Low-Level Potential Vorticity and Cyclogenesis to the Lee of the Alps, J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 186–207, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1998)055<0186:LLPVAC>2.0.CO;2, 1998. 
Ahmadi-Givi, F., Graig, G. C., and Plant, R. S.: The dynamics of a midlatitude cyclone with very strong latent-heat release, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 130, 295–323, https://doi.org/10.1256/qj.02.226, 2004. 
Alpert, P., Neeman, B. U., and Shay-El, Y.: Climatological analysis of Mediterranean cyclones using ECMWF data, Tellus A, 42, 65–77, https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v42i1.11860, 1990. 
Attinger, R., Spreitzer, E., Boettcher, M., Forbes, R., Wernli, H., and Joos, H.: Quantifying the role of individual diabatic processes for the formation of PV anomalies in a North Pacific cyclone, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 145, 2454–2476, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.3573, 2019. 
Download
Short summary
In this study, we quantify the relative contribution of different atmospheric processes to the development of 100 intense Mediterranean cyclones and show that both upper tropospheric systems and diabatic processes contribute to cyclone development. However, these contributions are complex and present high variability among the cases. For this reason, we analyse several exemplary cases in more detail, including 10 systems that have been identified in the past as tropical-like cyclones.