Articles | Volume 3, issue 1
Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 251–278, 2022
Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 251–278, 2022

Research article 10 Mar 2022

Research article | 10 Mar 2022

Characteristics of long-track tropopause polar vortices

Matthew T. Bray and Steven M. Cavallo

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Cited articles

Appenzeller, C. and Davies, H.: Structure of stratospheric intrusions into the troposphere, Nature, 358, 570–572,, 1992. a, b
Biernat, K. A., Bosart, L. F., and Keyser, D.: A climatological analysis of the linkages between tropopause polar vortices, cold pools, and cold air outbreaks over the central and eastern United States, Mon. Weather Rev., 149, 189–206,, 2021. a
Bray, M. T., Cavallo, S. M., and Bluestein, H. B.: Examining the Relationship between Tropopause Polar Vortices and Tornado Outbreaks, Weather Forecast., 36, 1799–1814,, 2021. a
Cavallo, S. M. and Hakim, G. J.: Potential Vorticity Diagnosis of a Tropopause Polar Cyclone, Mon. Weather Rev., 137, 1358–1371,, 2009. a, b, c, d, e
Cavallo, S. M. and Hakim, G. J.: Composite Structure of Tropopause Polar Cyclones, Mon. Weather Rev., 138, 3840–3857,, 2010. a, b, c, d
Short summary
Tropopause polar vortices (TPVs) are a high-latitude atmospheric phenomenon that impact weather inside and outside of polar regions. Using a set of long-lived TPVs to gain insight into the conditions that are most supportive of TPV survival, we describe patterns of vortex formation and movement. In addition, we analyze the characteristics of these TPVs and how they vary by season. These results help us to better understand TPVs which, in turn, may improve forecasts of related weather events.