Articles | Volume 4, issue 4
Research article
27 Oct 2023
Research article |  | 27 Oct 2023

Strengthening gradients in the tropical west Pacific connect to European summer temperatures on sub-seasonal timescales

Chiem van Straaten, Dim Coumou, Kirien Whan, Bart van den Hurk, and Maurice Schmeits

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Cited articles

Behera, S., Ratnam, J. V., Masumoto, Y., and Yamagata, T.: Origin of extreme summers in Europe: the Indo-Pacific connection, Clim. Dynam., 41, 663–676,, 2013. a, b, c, d, e, f
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Beobide-Arsuaga, G., Düsterhus, A., Müller, W. A., Barnes, E. A., and Baehr, J.: Spring Regional Sea Surface Temperatures as a Precursor of European Summer Heatwaves, Geophys. Res. Lett., 50, e2022GL100727,, 2023. a
Bjerknes, J.: Atmospheric teleconnections from the equatorial Pacific, Mon. Weather Rev., 97, 163–172,<0163:ATFTEP>2.3.CO;2, 1969. a, b
Boe, J., Terray, L., Moine, M.-P., Valcke, S., Bellucci, A., Drijfhout, S., Haarsma, R., Lohmann, K., Putrasahan, D. A., Roberts, C., Roberts, M., Scoccimarro, E., Seddon, J., Senan, R., and Wyser, K.: Past long-term summer warming over western Europe in new generation climate models: role of large-scale atmospheric circulation, Environ. Res. Lett., 15, 084038,, 2020. a, b
Short summary
Variability in the tropics can influence weather over Europe. This study evaluates a summertime connection between the two. It shows that strongly opposing west Pacific sea surface temperature anomalies have occurred more frequently since 1980, likely due to a combination of long-term warming in the west Pacific and the El Niño Southern Oscillation. Three to six weeks later, the distribution of hot and cold airmasses over Europe is affected.