Articles | Volume 3, issue 1
Review article
29 Mar 2022
Review article |  | 29 Mar 2022

Atmospheric blocking and weather extremes over the Euro-Atlantic sector – a review

Lisa-Ann Kautz, Olivia Martius, Stephan Pfahl, Joaquim G. Pinto, Alexandre M. Ramos, Pedro M. Sousa, and Tim Woollings

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Manuscript not accepted for further review
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Cited articles

Alfieri, L., Dottori, F., Betts, R., Salamon, P., and Feyen, L.: Multi-model projections of river flood risk in Europe under global warming, Climate, 6, 6,, 2018. a
Altenhoff, A. M., Martius, O., Croci-Maspoli, M., Schwierz, C., and Davies, H. C.: Linkage of atmospheric blocks and synoptic-scale Rossby waves: a climatological analysis, Tellus A, 60, 1053–1063, 2008. a
Anagnostopoulou, C., Tolika, K., Lazoglou, G., and Maheras, P.: The exceptionally cold January of 2017 over the Balkan Peninsula: A climatological and synoptic analysis, Atmosphere, 8, 252,, 2017. a, b, c, d
Aon: Weather, Climate and Catastrophe Insight – 2017 Annual Report, (last access: 21 November 2021), 2018. a
Athanasiadis, P. J., Bellucci, A., Hermanson, L., Scaife, A. A., MacLachlan, C., Arribas, A., Materia, S., Borrelli, A., and Gualdi, S.: The representation of atmospheric blocking and the associated low-frequency variability in two seasonal prediction systems, J. Climate, 27, 9082–9100,, 2014. a
Short summary
Atmospheric blocking is associated with stationary, self-sustaining and long-lasting high-pressure systems. They can cause or at least influence surface weather extremes, such as heat waves, cold spells, heavy precipitation events, droughts or wind extremes. The location of the blocking determines where and what type of extreme event will occur. These relationships are also important for weather prediction and may change due to global warming.