Articles | Volume 3, issue 1
Research article
31 Jan 2022
Research article |  | 31 Jan 2022

Identification, characteristics and dynamics of Arctic extreme seasons

Katharina Hartmuth, Maxi Boettcher, Heini Wernli, and Lukas Papritz

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Cited articles

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Binder, H., Boettcher, M., Grams, C. M., Joos, H., Pfahl, S., and Wernli, H.: Exceptional air mass transport and dynamical drivers of an extreme wintertime Arctic warm event, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 12028–12036,, 2017. a, b
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Short summary
In this study, we introduce a novel method to objectively define and identify extreme Arctic seasons based on different surface variables. We find that such seasons are resulting from various combinations of unusual seasonal conditions. The occurrence or absence of different atmospheric processes strongly affects the character of extreme Arctic seasons. Further, changes in sea ice and sea surface temperature can strongly influence the formation of such a season in distinct regions.